New studies show strong evidence that children who suffer a traumatic brain injury will likely suffer permanent attention deficits. This type of attention problem is seen in adults who suffer a TBI, but for children such lapses in attention are related to a negative effect on the child's intelligence and behavior over the long-term. The study revealed that children who suffer a TBI at an early age end up with attention problems, internalized anxiety, and/or higher rates of aggression. The children's reaction times were also slower. Children with moderate to severe TBI also scored lower on IQ tests than children with mild TBI. There is no clear treatment for this issue and the only sure way to prevent it is to protect children from ever getting a brain injury in the first place.