Dr. Matthew Stanbrook, MD from the University of Toronto examined how e-cigarettes may be helpful in aiding people who are trying to quit smoking. His study was prompted by his belief that claims about this method of ending tobacco addiction were exaggerated and faulty. The study revealed that after one month, use of e-cigarettes successfully helped people to abstain from smoking. However, after three months and six months, those benefits ceased. While people did not stop smoking altogether, the study showed that e-cigarettes may at least help people to smoke less, and is a step in the right direction. The benefit of e-cigarettes compared to nicotine patches is that the e-cigarette allows smokers to feel like they still have a cigarette in hand and enjoy the behavioral aspect of smoking. Donald Sullivan, MD who helped moderate the study concludes, however, that based on the lack of information regarding e-cigarettes, he cannot recommend them as a tool in smoking cessation.