ED Zemper is the author of this paper published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. I've written and asked for a copy of the article to write a review. This article covers the available research for the types of injuries cheerleaders suffer, catastrophic injuries. I'll write more about this if I'm provided with a copy of the paper. Right now I thought it important to provide readers with the linked article.
Review: Catastrophic injuries among young athletes
E D Zemper, Br J Sports Med 2010;44:13-20 Published Online First: 4 November 2009
Br J Sports Med 2010;44:13-20 doi:10.1136/bjsm.2009.069096
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; Statewide Campus System, Michigan State University—College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
Correspondence to Dr E D Zemper, 325 E Eisenhower, Suite 200, Ann Arbor, MI 48108, USA; [email protected]
Accepted 23 October 2009
Published Online First 4 November 2009
Abstract - While very rare, catastrophic injuries in youth sports have a major impact on athletes and their families when they do occur. This article reviews and summarizes the sparse research on direct catastrophic injuries in youth sports, a direct catastrophic sports injury being defined as a sport injury that resulted from participation in the skills of the sport, and resulted in a fatality or in a non-fatal brain or spinal cord injury, or skull or spinal fracture. While an electronic database search was completed to assemble the articles reviewed here, much of the data come from the National Center for Catastrophic Injury Research at the University of North Carolina, which has the most extensive and complete data set on this issue. This article reviews and summarizes what is known about the rate of occurrence of these injuries in various youth sports, the risk factors for these injuries, injury mechanisms and what can be done to prevent them in various youth sports.